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Easy to Follow Horse Care Checklist

What routine care do horses need to stay healthy? Our Leighton vets share a brief checklist of basic healthcare requirements for horses, to help you keep your equine friend in tip-top condition.

Health Exams

A yearly health exam can optimize your horse’s overall wellness and performance. These exams can give you a baseline and help identify future health risk factors so they can be addressed early on.

Our All Animal Clinic vets will examine the heart, lungs, intestinal system, temperature, dental health, eyes, weight, and the horse’s overall condition.


Vaccines minimize the risk and severity of infectious diseases common in horses, but not all horses require the same vaccines. The required vaccinations for your horse will depend on a number of factors including your horse's lifestyle and where you live geographically.

Ask your All Animal Clinic vet to recommend the best vaccine schedule for your equine friend.


Internal parasites are a constant threat to your horse’s health. Parasites can cause extensive internal damage, lower resistance to disease and absorption of essential nutrients, as well as cause colic and death.

Deworming programs are designed by taking into account your geographic location, pasture management, number and age of horses, and management practices. Contact our Leighton vets to establish the best program for your horse.

Dental Exams

An annual or semi-annual dental exam is important to ensure your horse has a healthy mouth, teeth, and gums.

Your veterinarian will check inside the mouth for teeth with sharp points or edges, trimming them down with a file or nippers.


Our portable system allows our team to perform advanced diagnostics right in your barn. Visualizing the equine respiratory and gastrointestinal system with a video endoscope allows the diagnosis of many conditions affecting the upper airway, sinuses, trachea, lower airway, esophagus, and stomach.


Grooming is an important part of daily maintenance for horses. Daily brushing and currying help remove dirt and debris that can allow bacteria a place to multiply.

During grooming, you can also check the overall condition of your horse’s skin and find sores, infections, bumps, or welts when they first arise.

Hoof Care

The hooves should be “picked” daily to remove manure, dirt, and stones, and checked for signs of bruising, odor, discoloration, or discharge. The shoes should also be checked for wear and tightness of the nails. Hoof dressings may be needed, but care should be taken to apply them appropriately. For example, water-repellent dressings can be important to keep hooves dry and healthy during wet weather. However, excessive use of emollient dressings can soften the hooves and lead to problems.

Antifungal solutions should be applied every 1 to 2 weeks during winter and wet weather to prevent thrush. Your veterinarian and farrier can provide information on when and how frequently to treat your horse’s feet.


Horses with tender or bruised feet require shoes for protection, as do horses working on hard or rough surfaces. Various kinds of corrective shoes are available for particular hoof or lameness problems.

Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding people or pets. If you are concerned about your pet's health, contact your veterinarian right away for diagnosis and treatment.

Looking for reliable veterinary care in Leighton? Contact All Animal Clinic today to learn more about our large animal and equine services.

All Patients Welcome

Our experienced vets are passionate about the health of Leighton animals. We currently only take pets by walk-in, so bring your pet to us today and let us help ensure their well-being.

Contact Us

Contact (256) 446-8888